AskDefine | Define kernite

Dictionary Definition

kernite n : a light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From Kern county, California

Noun

kernite
  1. a hydrated borate mineral, Na2B4O6(OH)2, originally discovered in the Mojave Desert

Extensive Definition

Kernite, also known as rasorite is a hydrated sodium borate hydroxide mineral with formula Na2B4O6(OH)2·3H2O. It is a colorless to white mineral crystallizing in the monoclinic crystal system typically occurring as prismatic to acicular crystals or granular masses. It is relatively soft with Mohs hardness of 2.5 to 3 and light with a specific gravity of 1.91. It exhibits perfect cleavage and a brittle fracture. Kernite is used to produce borax which can be used in a variety of soaps.
The mineral was discovered in 1926 in Kern County, California and later named for the county. Kern County was the only known source of kernite for many years but is now mined in Argentina, Spain, and Turkey. It occurs in sedimentary evaporite deposits in arid regions.
kernite in Catalan: Kernita
kernite in German: Kernit
kernite in French: Kernite
kernite in Italian: Kernite
kernite in Lithuanian: Kernitas
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